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. . : 1: . ' / IJ . . - 88 : ., 2006 -

3

̳ Ѳ / Ѳ 1 L m 2 M kg 3 T s 4 I A 5 K 6 J cd 7 ʳ N mol Ѳ 8 - rad 9 ҳ - sr

0

Ѳ / -- Ѳ Ѳ 1 - -1 , - * * -2 3 /2 -1 * * -2 , , . * 2 * * -2 5 , 㳿 / 2 * * -3 6 ( ) * * 7 , / 2 * * -3 * -1 8 / -2 * -1 * 4 * 2 9 / 2 * * - 3 * -2 10 / -2 * -1 * 3 * 2 11 * 2 * * -2 * -1 / 2 * -2 * -13 / 2 * * -2 * -14 *

* 15 -2

-2 * * * , Ѳ, - .

5

1 000 000 000 000 = 1012 1 000 000 000 = 109 G 1 000 000 = 106 M 1000 = 103 k 100 = 102 h 10 = 101 da 0,1 = 10-1 d 0,01 = 10 -2 c 0,001 = 10-3 m 0,000 001 = 10-6 H 0,000 000 001 = 10-9 n 0,000 000 000 001 = 10-12 P 0,000 000 000 000 001 = 10 15 f 0,000 000 000 000 000 001 = 10-18 a

0

0 / Ѳ 1 1 * 10-2 2 2

1 * 10-4 2 3 3 1 * 10-6 3 4 1 * 10-3 5 / 1 * 10-2 / 6 /2 1 * 10-2 /2 7 ٳ /3 1 * 103 /3 8 3 / 1 * 10-3 3/ 9 / 1 * 10-3 / 10 ' 3 / 1 * 10-6 3 / 11 2

/ * 2 2

10 / * 12 1 * 10-5 13 /3 10 /3 14 - * 1 * 10-7 * 15 - -7 2 ?? * 10 * 16

4

1 * 10-8 4 17 3 1 * 10-6 3

6 Ѳ / Ѳ 18

/2 0,1 19 , 1 * 10-7 20 / 1 * 10-7 21 ' 0,1 * 22 -1 -1 * -23 ʳ ' 1 * 10-4 2 / 24 糿 2 / 1 * 10-4 2 / 25 / 1 * 10-3 / 26 / 1 * 10-4 / 27

/ 1 * 10-7 / 28 / 1 * 10-7 / 29 - / * 1 * 10-4 / * 30

- / * -4

1 * 4 / * 31 ( ) - 2

/ * * 1 * 10-3 /2 * 32

-

/ * * 1 * 10 -5 / * E

0

/ Ѳ 33 / 1 * 10-7 34 - 2 / * * 1 * 10-3 /2 * 4 35 - / * 1 * 10-4 / * 36

. , , Ѫ . ,, *

[ - 3,33564 * 10-10 10 37 ʳ , . . . , , Ѫ . . ,

[ - 3,33564 * 10-10 10 38 ˳ .

˳. . .

, , Ѫ . . . . ,

[ - 3,33564 * 10-8 /2 1 * 10-3 /2 39 . . . . .

, , Ѫ . . . . . ..

/ - 3,33564 * 10-6 / 1 * 105 /2 40 . . . . .

, , Ѫ . . . . .

,

1 - 3,33564 * 10-4 /3 1 * 107 /3 , Ѫ, ,, -

E

0

Ol 1 = Ѳ 41 ( . . . . , , Ѫ . . . . ,, - 2,65442 * 10-11 0,795775 42 ( . . . , , Ѫ . . . ,

f0 - 2,65442 * 10-7/2 7,95775 * 103 /2 43 , , . .. . . , , Ѫ . .. . . , - 2,997925 * 102 1 * 10-8 44 . . .

, , Ѫ . . .

, - 2,997825 * 104 / 1 * 10-6 / 45 . . . , () . . . , 1,11265 * 10-12 1 * 109 46 . . . , , Ѫ . . . ,

/ - 8,98755 * 1011 1 * 10-9 47 . . . . , , Ѫ . . . . ,

/ - 8,98755 * 109 * 1 * 10-11 * E

0

/ Ѳ 48 . . . , , Ѫ . . . ,,

[ - 1,11265 * 10-12 1 * 109 49 . . , (), , . .

1 * 10-8 299,7925 50 . . . , (), , . . ! 1 * 10-4 -2,997925 * 106 51

. . .

, (), , . . .

79,5775 / 2 , 65442 * 10-9 / 52 . . . , , 0

. . . - 79,5775 * 106 / 8,854186 * 10-14 / 53 . . . , , 0

. . . - 1,256637 * 10 -8 / 1,12941 * 1013 / 54 1 * 10-7 55 / 1 * 10-7 E

E

/ Ѳ 56 2

/ 0,1 57 - ' * /5 1 * 105 * /3 58 - * / 1 * 10-3 * / 59 2

/ * 1 * 10-3 /2 60 / * 1 * 10-7 / 61 - 2

/ * * 1 * 10-3 / * 2 62 - 42 1 * 104 /2 63 42 1 * 104 /2 64 - 1 * 104 65 . . . 3,33563 * 10-7 / 66 . 3,33563 * 10 -7 / 67 / 1 * 10-4/ 68 2

/ * 1 * 10 - 3 /2

0

7

0 Ѳ / 1

yd ft in mile 0,9144 () 0,3048 () 0,0254 () 1609,344 ( ) 1852 () 2 yd22 ft2

in2 0,836127 2

0,0929030 2 2

6,4516 () 3 () () () () () ()

()

()

() () () yds ft3 in3 gal (UK) pt (UK) fl * oz (UK)

gal (US) lig * pt (US)

fl * oz (US)

bu (US) dry pt (US) bbl (US) 0,764555 3 28,3168 3 16,3871 3 4,54609 3 0,568261 3 28,4130 3

36,3687 3 3,78543 3 0,473179 3

29,5737 3

158,988 3

35,2393 3 0,550614 3 115,628 3 4 ft / s mile / h 0,3048 / () 0,44704 / () 5 ft/s2 2

0,3048 /2 () 6 ()

()

lb

gr oz cwt sh cwt 0,45359237 14,5939 64,79891 28,3495 50,8023 45,3592 1016,05

, 볿 , Ѳ / 30 / / Ѳ 6 sh tn oz tr oz ap 907,185 31,1035 31,1035 7 ٳ

lb/ft3 16,0185 /3 8 , - pdl Ibf 0,138255 H 4,44822 H 9 - lbf/ft3 157,087 H/3 10 -- lbf * ft 1,35582 * 11

- -

pdl/ft2

Ibf/ft2

Ibf/in2

ft H2O in H2O in Hg1,48816

47,8803

6894,76

2989,07 249,089 3386,39 12 '- -- pdl * s/ft2 lbf * s/ft21,48816 * 47,8803 * 13ʳ ' ft2 / c0,0929030 2 / 14- --ft * pdl ft * lbf0,0421401 1,35582 15 Btu1055,06 16- -- () ft * pdl / s ft * lbf / s hp Btu / h0,0421401 1,35582 745,700 0,293071 E

E

/ Ѳ 17 , ࠰ RI 18 ࠰ FI

I Ѡ19 -- Btu s * degF6230,64 / * ʠ20 - - Btu 2

s * ft * degF20441,7 /2 * ʠ21-- ft2 / s0,0 I2M30 2 / 22 - Btu lb * degF4186,8 / * ʠ23 - Btu lb * degR4186,8 / * ʠ24-- () Btu / lb2326 / 㠪

0

0 IIIIIIIVV12Li 3 ˳ 6,939Be 4 9,01225 B 10,8116 C 12,011157 N 14,00673Na 11 22,9898Mg 12 24,30513 Al 26,981514 Si 28,08615 P 32,0644K 19 39,102Ca 20 40,08Sc 21 44,956Ti 22 47,90V 23 50,94229 Cu ̳ 63,54630 Zn 65,3731 Ga 69,7232 Ge 72,5933 As ' 74,92165Rb 37 85,47St 38 87,62Y 39 89,905Zr 40 91,22Nb 41 ͳ 92,90647 Ag 107,86848 Cd 112,4049 In 114,8250 Sn 118,6951 Sb 121,756Cs 55 132,905Ba 56 137,34La 57 138,91*

58 - 71Hf 72 178,49Ta 73 180,94879 Au 196,96780 Hg 200,5981 Tl 204,3782 Pb 207,1983 Bi ³ 208,9807Fr 87 [223]Ra 88 [226]Ac 89 [227]**

90 - 103Ku 104 [260]105

8 VIVIIVIII1 1,00797 4,002628 O 15,99949 F 18,998410 Ne 20,179316 S ѳ 32,06417 Cl 35,45318 Ar 39,9484Cr 24 51,996Mn 25 54,9380Fe 26 55,847Co 27 58,9332Ni 28 ͳ 58,7134 Se 78,9635 Br 79,90436 Kr 83,805Mo 42 95,94Tc 43 [99]Ru 44 101,07Rh 45 102,905Pd 46 106,452 Te 127,6053 I

126,904454 Xe 131,306W 74 183,85Re 75 186,2Os 76 190,2Ir 77 192,2Pt 78 195,0984 Po [210]85 At [210]86 Rn [222]7E

0

8 * Ce 58Pr 59Nd 60Pm 61Sm 62Eu 63Gd 64頪140,12140,907144,24[147]150,35151,96157,25

Tb 65Dy 66Ho 67Er 68Tm 69Yb 70Lu 71ij頲158,924162,50164,930167,26168,934173,04174,97

Th 90Pa 91U 92Np 93Pu 94Am 95Cm 96232,038[231]238,03[237][244][243][247]Bk 97Cf 98Es 99Fm 100Md 101No 102Lr 103[247][252][254][257][257][255][256]

**

= =
, " 3"




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